The Red Lion**

The Ultimate London Pub History Advent Calendar Door 20

One of my top five pubs 

23 Crown Passage,  SW1Y 6PP

Nearest tube: Green Park 0.3 miles

Nearest attraction: Buckingham Palace, 0.4 miles

 

The hook

Situated in a tiny alleyway off Pall Mall, the centuries-old Red Lion beckons you in with its black timbers and leaded light windows. But it’s the cosy interior and warm welcome that encourage you to stay.

 

The history

EST: 17th century (probably) Monarch: James I (possibly)

This pub is said to hold the second oldest licence in London and dates back around 400 years. So which pub holds the oldest? No-one seems to know. In any case, this is definitely an old pub and has apparently been a firm favourite with royalty through the years. Regal visitors have allegedly included everyone from Edward VIII to the Queen Mother and Charles II to Henry VIII, who presumably visited the Red Lion in its previous incarnation since he died in 1547.

It is also rumoured to have been the location for lovers’ trysts between – you guessed it – Charles II and Nell Gwyn (see The Dove and the Nell Gwynne). The famous orange-seller lived just around the corner at 79 Pall Mall and Charles lived at St James’ Palace across the road, Legend has it that naughty Nell would sneak along Crown Passage and into the Red Lion’s cellars where she would meet Charles in a tunnel beneath the pub. A lovely romantic story but a) sceptics have had a poke around the cellars and have found no trace of a tunnel and b) Charles and Nell were at it so blatantly everywhere else that why would they need to go sneaking around in cellars?

St James Palace was commissioned by Henry VIII and  became the monarchy’s main residence  after a hapless laundrywoman burned down Whitehall Palace in 1698 (see The Old Shades). A great deal of history happened here: for example, St James was where Charles II was born; where Mary I died and where Charles I spent the night before being beheaded in Whitehall on January 30 1649.

 

The ambiance

The Red Lion is yet another of those tiny, dimly-lit historical icons that barely register with tourists despite being a mere stone’s throw away from the city’s major historical sites. Dogs are welcome – so maybe a corgi or two has been snuck in over the years?

Being a small, square space the Red Lion is a little short on nooks and crannies but the inviting atmosphere more than makes up for this.

 

The other stuff

Brewery: Free house

Open: every day except Sundays

Food: Serves  bar snacks every day except Sundays

On the last Saturday in January “cavaliers” in full costume descend on the Red Lion to lament the death of their hero Charles I. Only in England.

For a complete list of pubs, go to the home page. And to see a list of pubs by their nearest tube station, go to Where’s my pub?

And go to: King Who? for more info about the monarchs mentioned in this blog.

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